Eesti-Rumeenia ühisväljaanne. Metsade kuld -- 669,670-24.11.17

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Eesti-Rumeenia ühisväljaanne. Metsade kuld -- 669,670-24.11.17

Postitus Postitas elmo » 21.11.2017 16:36

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Nominaal: 1.40 EUR
Ilmumiskuupäev: 24.11.2017
Kujundaja: Indrek Ilves
Järjenumber: 669-24.11.17
Trükiarv: 30 000
Poogen: 5 x 2
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Mõõt: 26 x 36 mm
Perforatsioon: 13¾ : 14
Trükk: ofset
Trükikoda: AS Vaba Maa
http://viki.filateelia.ee/index.php/AS_Vaba_Maa

Metsade kuld - liigid. Eesti - Rumeenia ühisväljaanne. Harilik kuusk.
https://pood.omniva.ee/et/postmargid/21 ... aanne.html

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Kujundaja: Mihail Vămăşescu
Järjenumber: 670-24.11.17
Poogen: 5 x 2
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Metsade kuld - liigid. Eesti - Rumeenia ühisväljaanne. Harilik pihlakas.
https://pood.omniva.ee/et/postmargid/21 ... aanne.html

Harilik kuusk (Picea abies) on põhjapoolkeral valitsevasse männiliste sugukonda kuuse perekonda kuuluv igihaljas okaspuu. Harilik kuusk on Eesti ainus looduslik kuuseliik ning leviku järgi männi ja kase järel kolmas puuliik meie metsades. Kuusk talub varju ja endale soodsa pinnasega kasvukohtades tõrjub ta välja teisi puuliike, kasvab keskmiselt 35 m kõrguseks ja kuni 1 m jämeduseks. Eesti kõrgeimad kuused on Järveseljal 48 m kõrged. Harilik kuusk elab soodsates tingimustes kuni 250, harva 400–500 aasta vanuseks. Kuusepuit on pehme, kergesti töödeldav ning seda kasutatakse ehituspuiduks, mööbli tegemiseks ja tänu headele kõlaomadustele kannelde, viiulite, klaverite jms valmistamisel. Kuusk on ka väga populaarne ilupuu ja jõulupuu.
Harilik pihlakas (Sorbus aucuparia) on roosõieliste sugukonda pihlaka perekonda kuuluv mitmeaastane heitlehine lehtpuu. Pihlaka leviala hõlmab peaaegu kogu Euroopa. Eestis on tavaline alusmetsa metsaservade ja põllupeenarde puu, kasvab 10-15 m kõrguseks ja 30-50 cm jämeduseks. Teda kasvatatakse ilusate õite ja viljade tõttu ilupuuna, tema mõrud viljad kõlbavad süüa ja on tervislikud, tema puit on raske, elastne ja tugev ning sobib seetõttu hästi tisleritöödeks. Sügisel ei kuku paljudelt pihlakatelt marjad maha, vaid jäävad puu külge ning talvel, kui lumi maha sajab, on pihlakamarjad paljude lindude jaoks tähtis toiduallikas.

Forests' gold: Forest species. Joint issue Estonia-Romania

The Norway spruce (Picea abies) is an evergreen coniferous tree that belongs to the genus of spruces in the pine family, which is widely found in the Northern Hemisphere. The Norway spruce is the only natural spruce species in Estonia and is our third most common tree species, right after pines and birches. Spruces tolerate shade well and, in the case of favourable soil conditions, crowd out other tree species; spruces can grow to be up to 35 metres in height and up to 1 metre in width. The tallest spruces in Estonia grow at Järveselja and are 48 metres high. In favourable conditions, the Norway spruce will live up to 250 years, but can also grow to be 400–500 years old. Spruce wood is soft, easily to work with and it is used for construction wood, furniture; it provides great sound quality and is therefore used to make zithers, violins, pianos, etc. Additionally, spruces are popular decorative and Christmas trees.
Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) is a species of deciduous and perennial tree in the Sorbus genus of the rose family. Rowans grow in nearly all of Europe. In Estonia, rowans are common in the edges fields and underbrush and they grow to be 10–15 high and 30–50 thick. Due to its beautiful flowers and fruits, rowans are grown as decorative trees; some of their fruit are edible and healthy; their timber is flexible and strong, and therefore perfect for carpentry. Rowans do not shed their berries in the fall, so they are important sources of food for birds in the winter when it is snowing.

Das Gold der Wälder - die Arten der Wälder

Gewöhnliche Tanne (Picea abies) ist der immergrüne Nadelbaum, der auf der Nordhalbkugel zu den vorherrschenden Kieferngewächsen zur Tannenfamilie gehört. Die gewöhnliche Tanne ist die einzige natürliche Tannenart in Estland und ausgehend von der Verbreitung nach der Kiefer und der Birke die dritte Baumart in unseren Wäldern. Die Tanne erträgt Schatten und bei Lebensräumen mit für sie vorteilhaftem Boden verdrängt sie andere Baumarten, sie wächst im Durchschnitt 35 m hoch und bis zu 1 m breit. Die höchsten Tannen Estlands in Järveselja sind 48 m hoch. Die gewöhnliche Tanne lebt in vorteilhaften Bedingungen bis zu 250, selten 400 - 500 Jahre alt. Tannenholz ist weich, leicht zu bearbeiten und es wird als Bauholz, zum Möbel herstellen und dank der guten Klangcharakteristiken auch zum Herstellen von Geigen, Klavieren u.ä. benutzt. Die Tanne ist ein sehr beliebter Zier- und Weihnachtsbaum.
Die gewöhnliche Eberesche (Sorbus aucuparia) ist ein mehrjähriger Laubbaum, der zur Art der Rosengewächse zur Familie der Ebereschen gehört. Die Eberesche ist fast in ganz Europa verbreitet. In Estland ist er ein Baum im gewöhnlichen Unterholz an Waldrändern und an Feldern, er wird 10 - 15 m hoch und 30 -50 cm dick. Sie wird wegen ihrer schönen Blüten und Beeren als Zierbaum angebaut, seine bitteren Beeren sind essbar und gesund, sein Holz ist schwer, elastisch und belastbar und es ist deshalb gut für Tischlerarbeiten geeignet. Im Herbst fallen von vielen Ebereschen die Beeren nicht herunter, sondern bleiben am Baum und im Winter, wenn es schneit, sind die Beeren der Eberesche für die Vögel eine wichtige Futterquelle.

Esimese päeva eritempel kasutusel Tallinnas
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Esimese päeva eriümbrik (FDC) koos markide ja eritempliga maksab 3.40 €
https://pood.omniva.ee/et/esimese-paeev ... e-fdc.html
Kujundaja: Indrek Ilves

Postmargiväljaande infokaart:
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Eesti ja Rumeenia margid koos:
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Romfilatelia
http://romfilatelia.ro/en/

Joint Stamp Issue ROMANIA – ESTONIA Forest Species
http://romfilatelia.ro/en/joint-stamp-i ... t-species/
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Romfilatelia releases the joint stamp issue Romania – Estonia with the topic Forest Species. The both stamps, with the same face value of Lei 8, illustrate species of rowan tree and spruce.

Romania established diplomatic relations with Estonia in 1924. The Baltic state was occupied by the Soviet Union in 1940 and official contacts being restored in September 1991, when Romania recognized Estonia’s independence.

Rowan tree (Sorbus aucuparia) is a fall-leaf tree that lives at the edge of a wood, in the hill and mountain range, spreading throughout Europe, from the Baltic Estonia to the West of Siberia. It is higher than 10-15 m and has a round crown. The compound leaves, consisting of an odd number of leaflets, are colored in a spectacular red-purple in autumn. Flowers are white, arranged in inflorescences, with an unpleasant smell. Rowan fruits are small, globular, rarely ellipsoidal and usually red. They have a strong astringent taste when they are raw, but can be eaten after the first frost. Also called birds’ Sorbus, they are an important source of food for birds.

The longevity of the rowan tree exceeds a century, reaching its maturity at 10 years, having plenty of fruits every year from that age. It is a smoke-resistant tree and can be grown in polluted areas. It has become very common in parks. Various cultivars of ornamental value, commercially available, have yellow, pink, orange fruits.

The fruits of the rowan tree are very rich in organic compounds, containing tannin, sugars, acids, carotenoids, essential oil, dextrose, vitamin C, salts and minerals. They are used in teas, but also in the production of marmalade, compote, syrup, natural juices, alcoholic beverages etc. Herbal medicine claims that the rowan tree is anti-rheumatic, diuretic, antitussive, hemostatic, antiscorbutic. It is also recommended for the control of vitamin C deficiency or as an adjunct to tuberculosis treatments. However, some specialty studies have not yet revealed how the rowan tree acts on the human body.

Spruce (Picea abies) is a species of conifer, belonging to the Pinaceae family. It is found in both countries, in Romania being present in the mountain and subalpine region, where it forms pure forests (spruce forests) or mixed woods with beech and fir. In Estonia, it occupies the third place as a tree species, after pine and birch trees. The highest specimens of spruce in Estonia grow at Järveselja and are about 48 m high.

A tree with a pyramidal or narrow conical crown, reaching up to 50 m high. Under favorable conditions, spruce can live up to 250 years.

The acuminous, pungent leaves, generally with four edges, are spirally arranged around the branches. Female cones are erect at first, then, after pollination, they become pendent. At maturity, they fall completely.

Ancient Greeks and Romans, and medieval people used buds, cones, seeds, resin, and essential oils of spruce in traditional medicine. Substances contained in spruce strengthen the immune system and stimulate appetite. Spruce is very useful for treating respiratory disorders, soothes cough and is a good expectorant. Spruce-based products alleviate symptoms of arthritis, gout-related conditions, or muscle aches. Essential spruce oil is antiseptic, roborant and has a refreshing effect. Spruce oil massages are very beneficial for general relaxation of the body and fight fatigue.

Spruce seeds contain very valuable active substances and are also used in the diet. They can be eaten raw or roasted, ground, or can be preserved in honey. In Asia and Mediterranean Europe, they are used for seasoning certain types of salads, dishes or meat.

Spruce is soft and easy to process, being used for furniture manufacturing. It provides excellent sound quality and is therefore used in the production of violins, pianos etc. It also has a decorative Christmas role.

Romfilatelia thanks the Botanical Garden “Dimitrie Brandza” of the University of Bucharest for the documentary support given to this postage stamps issue and to the photographer George Avanu.
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Valik viiteid lisainfoks:

Vikipeedia:
Harilik kuusk
https://et.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harilik_kuusk
Harilik pihlakas
https://et.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harilik_pihlakas

Eesti taimed (Tartu Ülikooli MRI Loodusteaduste didaktika lektoraat)
http://bio.edu.ee/taimed/
harilik kuusk
http://bio.edu.ee/taimed/okaspuu/kuusk.htm
http://bio.edu.ee/taimed/okaspuu/kuusk2.htm
harilik pihlakas
http://bio.edu.ee/taimed/oistaim/pihlak.htm
http://bio.edu.ee/taimed/oistaim/pihlak2.htm

Puud ja põõsad
http://www2.hariduskeskus.ee/opiobjekti ... index.html
harilik kuusk
http://www2.hariduskeskus.ee/opiobjekti ... _kuusk.htm
harilik pihlakas
http://www2.hariduskeskus.ee/opiobjekti ... lakas.html

Ta on lihtsalt parim puu meie aladel (Ivar Etverk) -- Eesti Loodus 1997 nr 1
http://www.loodusajakiri.ee/eesti_loodu ... kuusk.html

Selle aasta puu on pihlakas (Alar Läänelaid) -- Loodusajakiri 2000 nr 1
http://www.loodusajakiri.ee/eesti_loodu ... lakas.html

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