Genuine or fake?
You will find the answer at the bottom of this page.

A large number of forgeries are known of all the more expensive Estonian stamps.
Many of them are rather crude but there are some very dangerous ones. Unfortunately quite a few forgeries have been authenticated as genuine by well-known experts. Forgeries of expertizing marks are known. Therefore, it is recommended that a new expertization should be made, especially when trading.

As a guideline, you will find some examples below, of expertizing marks known to be genuine. You will also find some few images of various company marks. Such marks are not to be considered as expert marks. All images has been enlarged about 400 to 600 percent. We are sorry about the poor quality of some of the images.

Anton Teetsov
Black or lilac.
In use 1920 - 1930 (approximately).

Anton Teetsov
Actually a handstamp.
In use 1920 - 1930 (approximately).

Ewald Eichenthal
Lilac or red. Slightly oval.
In use 1920 - 1930 (approximately).

Ewald Eichenthal
Two different impressions shown above. Lilac.
Forgeries of this expertizing mark are known.

Willem Eichenthal
The handstamp was made of brass. After a while, the handstamp was broken and repaired by a gold-smith. The impressions of the repaired handstamp are somewhat wider. Forgeries are known.

Professor O. Vinterstern
Russian letters.
In use 1950 - 1970 (approximately).

Black or lilac.
In use 1950 - 1990 (approximately).

Gunnar Puloaas
Pencil. Period about 1950 - 1995.
No forgeries known.

Eo Vaher
Early handstamp.
Greyish (?).
Not in use.

Eo Vaher
In use.
At least one forgery has been detected by Mr. Vaher.

Valdo Nemvalz
In use 19?? - 2003.

Julius Weiner
In use 1930 - 1970 (approximately).
The handstamp still exsits!
Black or lilac.
In use 1930 - 1960 (approximately).
Dubious, be careful!
Dr. Wajda, Stockholm
Period about 1940 - 1950. Recorded on at least one forgery.
Dr. Schröder
Black or lilac.
In use 1930 - 1960 (approximately).
Heinrich Köhler, Berlin
In use 1920 - 1945 (approximately).
Bartels, Hamburg
Company mark.
In use 1950 - 1970 (approximately).
Company mark.
Berlin, New York, Münich.
The company still exsits in Münich.
Olev Lellep, Stockholm
Black (lilac?).
In use 1940 - 1950 (approximately).
Uno Saidla, Tallinn
Black or lilac
In use 1960 - 1995 (approximately).
Emil Bruhl, Tallinn
Lilac or black.
In use 1930 - 1960 (approximately).
Heldur Alver, Sweden
Black (lilac?).
In use 1970 - 1980 (approximately).
Arvid G (?) Rucins
In use 1950 - 1970 (approximately).
Väino Karmi, Estonia
In use 1991 - 1999
Aivar Kuuskvere, Estonia
From November 2002



Thomas Löbbering
(authorized by BPP, Bund der Philatelistischen Prüfer e.V., Germany)
Areas: Estonia since 1918 including local issues 1918/19 and 1941, Ostland and stationeries
Languages: German, English
Address: 56379 Holzappel, Postfach 8, Germany.

Kalev Kokk
Areas: Estonia from 1918, incl. Rakwere, German occupation and new Estonia.
Languages: English, Estonian.
Address: Sisaski 24B, EE-Tallinn 10913, Estonia.
Phone/Fax: 00-372-657-6432.

Jaan Roots
Areas: Estonia from 1918, incl. Rakwere, German occupation and new Estonia.
Languages: German, English, Norwegish, Swedish and Estonian.
Address: Arnulf Överlands vei 197, N-0763 Oslo, Norway.
Tel. 00-47-22-49 35 51.

Eo Vaher
39 Clafford Lane, Melville NY 11747, USA
Languages: English, Estonian.

Pertti Hujala
(authorized by Finnish Philatelic Federation; Suomen Filatelistiliitto)
Address: Länsilenkki 24, 02400 Kirkkonummi, Finland

Estonian Proofs and Essays:

Helmut Kuras
Hofäcker Str. 14, D-65207 Wiesbaden-Naurod, Germany

German Occupation 1918 (Dorpat):

Berend Hey
Postfach 410243, 28312 Bremen
Carl-Schurz-Str. 22B, 28209 Bremen, Germany

German Occupation 1941:

Prof. Dr. U. E. Klein
Postfach 1153, 57234 Wilnsdorf
Am Stoss 36, D-57234 Wilnsdorf, Germany

Do not send stamps for expertization without having made an agreement first!

The Otepää stamps at the top of this page is a forgery of unknown origin.
The blue colour is wrong and the paper is to white and it also lacks the horizontaly ribbed appearence. The stamps do not have an expertizing mark on the back. You will find more information about the Otepää stamps in the pages "Forgeries" and "Local Issues".