PRESIDENT KONSTANTIN PÄTS

A large regular issue with 14 different values in 17 different colors. A 65 senti value was ordered but not printed.

Design by Georg Westenberg after a photo by Gabriel Kirillov. Engraving by Karl Tael (Doll). Portrait of the President of the Republic Konstantin Pats (1874-1956).

Paper: Thick, chalk surfaced white (English) paper. The blue 15 senti value also has been printed on a greyish chalk surfaced paper (German).

Gum: The paper appears with two different gums. The earlier printings are on paper with a white, quite even gum. A white, more uneven gum with a mesh pattern appears with the later printings.

Print: Printed in sheets of 400. The sheets were arranged in four panes of 100 each and separated from each other with gutters. Each pane has marginal numbers appearing on the left and top margins. Starting with this issue the Printing Order Numbers were introduced in panes. The numbers also include the date of the order and the number of stamps ordered. The printing order numbers can be found in six different positions:

  a) under the 1st and 2nd stamps of the bottom row.
b) under the left margin, 1 st and 2nd stamps.
c) under the 2nd and 3rd stamps.
d) under the 1st, 2nd and 3rd stamps.
e) under the 8th, 9th and 10th stamps.
f) at the right side of the 9th and 10th horizontal rows.

The first printing of the 1, 2, 5, 6, 10 and 20 senti (March and April 1936) and the last printing of the 3 and 15 senti (ordered in May 1940) do not have the printing order numbers. Both, the 2 senti value T 239, and the 10 senti value T 240 show two different numbers of stamps ordered: 2 senti 6.800.000 (correct) and 6.000.000 (incorrect) and 10 senti 11.200.000 (correct) and 10.000 000.(incorrect).
The numbers issued are shown for each individual stamp. The information from the stock-book of the GPO has in comparison with Eichenthal and Michel the following differences:

2 senti:  
Number of stamps received by the GPO 26.467.400
Destroyed in 1941 2.336.981
  24.130.419
Both Eichenthal and Michel show 19.663.019. The difference cannot be explained.

3 senti:  
A further print order was placed on May 8, 1940 and 8.790 printing sheets were delivered. The figures should be as follows:
Received by the GPO 7.516.000
Destroyed in 1941 4.243.742
  3.272.258

4 senti:
According to the stock book the number of stamps sold over the counter should be 1.414.311 and not 1.413.711 as shown by Michel and Eichenthal.

6 senti:  
Eichenthal informs us that 1 601 249 of the lilac-red
stamp and 34 947 of the green one were sold over the
counter. The corresponding figures in Michel are
1.670.000 and 34.947. The stock-book gives us the fol
lowing information:
Order of December 12, 1935 (lila-red) 1.670.000
May 16,1939 (green) 400.000
  2.070.000
Destroyed in 1941 433.804
  1.636.196
Obviouslythe Michel figures are incorrect and we will use the figures given by Eichenthal, although we are unable to trace their origin.

15 senti:  
According to Eichenthal 2.589.187 red stamps were issued. The corresponding figure in Michel is 2.787.000. Also the stock-book shows the same number of stamps received by the GPO. Although a small number of the red stamps may have been destroyed in 1941, we consider it to be insignificant and accept the Michel figure.
On May 8, 1940 an additional printing of the blue 15 senti stamp was ordered and a partial delivery was made (450 printing sheets).
Received by the GPO 5.780.000
Destroyed in 1941 3.566.299
  2.213.701
The figures given by Eichenthal and Michel are both incorrect.

30 senti:
According to Eichenthal 418.685 stamps of the first printing (bistre) were sold. The figure in Michel is 420.000. Also the stockbook shows the same figure, which therefore is accepted by us.
800.000 of the second printing (blue) were delivered, whereof 305.535 were destroyed in 1941. The sale over counter therefore was 494.465.

Perforation: 14 1/2 x 14. The imperforate stamps are proofs.

Proofs: Both regular and irregular proofs exist. After the war a sizable number of proofs were made with genuine plates, stolen from the Government Printing. The paper is always different and the print is mostly unclear.

Forgeries: Only the "proofs" mentioned above are known.
Valid until December 31,1940. Their later use, alsotogether with Soviet stamps, was quietly tolerated.

Literature:
Votele Org: Marginalinskriptionerna pA estniska frimarken (Marginal markings of Estonian stamps). Frimirksbladet No 1, 1951. (In Swedish).
Julius Bleyer: Eesti postmarkide "autodafeid" (The destroying of Estonian Stamps) Eesti Filatelist No 22-23, 1978 (in Estonian, with summary in English).

155 Ei - 169
Mi - 113
Zu - 116
SG - 112
YT - 136
Sc - 117
 
Day of Issue:
1936-03-20
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
6.199.547
SI DPM, reduced rate 1936-03-20 -
SI rare

1 S. Dark brown

0.40 0.10  

SI
MU
MI

    75:-
3:-
1:-
  Block of four 6x 12x  
B:1   Brown +0.10 -  
E:1 White dot in face +0.50 +0.25  
E:2 White spot in hair +0.50 +0.25  
E:3 White circle left in frame +1:- +0.50  
E:4 White stroke from ear to frame +2:- +1:-  
E:5 Colored spot below "2" +1:- +0.50  
E:6 Damaged left 1 +2:- +2:-  
E:7 Damaged right 1 +2:- +2:-  
F: Printing Order Nos:      
F:1 T. 434-27.V 1937 - 2.400.000. Pos. f +8:-    
F:2 T. 237 - 4.IV 1939 - 800.000. Pos. a +12:-    
G:1 Dark brown +10:-    

 

156 Ei - 170
Mi - 114
Zu - 117
SG - 113
YT - 137
Sc - 118
 
Day of Issue:
1936-03-20
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
24.130.419
SI DPM 1936-03-20 - 1940-02-29

2 S. Green

0.40 0.10  

SI
MU
MI

    1:-
1:-
1:-
  Block of four 6x 20x  
B:1   Pale green +0.10 -  
B:2 Yellowish green +0.05 -  
E:1 White stroke above the head +2:- +1:-  
E:2 White stroke from ear to frame +2:- +1:-  
E:3 White spot between the eyes +0.50 +0.25  
E:4 White dot in background +0.50 +0.25  
F: Printing Order Nos:      
F:1 T. 239 - 15. IV 1937 - 6.000.000. Pos. a +8:-    
F:2 T. 239 - 15. IV 1937 - 6.800.000. Pos. f +8:-    
F:3 T. 296 - 6. V 1938 - 6.400.000. Pos. a +8:-     
F:4 T. 238 - 4. IV 1939 - 7.000.000. Pos. a +8:-     
F:5 Ditto. Lilli or Liisi engraved in the right frame line +12:-    
G:1 Yellowish green 7:50    
G:2 Liqht blue 15:-    
G:3 Yellowish green, horizontal gutter pair 24:-    

 

202 Ei - 171
Mi - 156
Zu - 157
SG - 113a
YT - 137A
Sc - 119
 
Day of Issue:
1940-04-12
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
3.272.258
SI DPM 1940-04-12 - 1940-12-06
SI Scarce

3 S. Brownish orange

4.50 4:-  

SI
MU
MI

    40:-
30:-
15:-
  Block of four 6x 8x  
B:1   Orange +0.50 +0.50  
E:1 White spot below frame +1:- +0.50  
E:2 White dot in design +0.50 +0.50  
E:3 Colored dot on shoulder +0.50 +0.50  
F:1 Printing Order No: T. 133 - 12. III 1940 - 4.000.000. Pos. c +8:-    
G:1 Brownish orange 20:-    

 

166 Ei - 172
Mi - 124
Zu - 118
SG - 114
YT - 138
Sc - 120
 
Day of Issue:
1936-10-17
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
1.414.311
SI DPM100g 1936-10-17 - 1940-02-2

4 S. Brownish viollet

1:- 0.15  

SI
MU
MI

    8:-
12:-
4:-
  Block of four 6x 20x  
B:1   Pale brownish violet +0.10 -  
E:1 Damaged frame +0.50 +0.25  
E:2 White stroke in (E)ES +0.75 +0.50  
E:3 White dot in background +0.50 +0.25  
E:4 Colored spot in hair +1:- +1:-  
E:5 Colored dot in background +0.50 +0.25  
E:6 White spot instead of left 4 +5:- +5:-  
F: Printing Order Nos:      
F:1 T. 262 - 29. IV 1936 - 400.000. Pos. a +15:-    
F:2 T. 435 - 27. V 1937 - 400.000. Pos. d +15:-    
F:3 T. 366 - 14. V 1938 - 480.000. Pos. a +15:-     
F:4 T. 239 - 4. IV 1939 - 400.000. Pos. a +15:-     
G:1 Brownish violet 10:-    

157 Ei - 172
Mi - 124
Zu - 118
SG - 114
YT - 138
Sc - 120
 
Day of Issue:
1936-03-20
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
25.226.154
SI DPC 1936-03-20 - 1940-02-29

5 S. Blueish green

1:- 0.10  

SI
MU
MI

    1:-
1:-
1:-
  Block of four 6x 25x  
B:1   Light blueish green +0.05 -  
E:1 Damaged frame +0.50 +0.25  
E:2 (P)O joined with frame. Pos. B 99 +3:- +3:-  
E:3 White dot above inscription +0.50 +0.25  
E:4 White neck tie. Pos. B 39 +6:- +6:-  
E:5 White stroke in face +0.75 +0.50  
E:6 White spot in hair +0.50 +0.25  
E:7 White spot between face and inscription +0.50 +0.25  
E:8 White stroke on left shoulder +1:- +0.50  
E:9 White dot in front of E(E) +0.50 +0.25  
E:10 Colored dot in face +0.50 +0.25  
F: Printing Order Nos:      
F:1 T. 436 - 27. V 1937 - 8.000.000. Pos. a +8:-    
F:2 Ditto Pos. f +8:-    
F:3 T. 367 - 14. V 1938 - 5.200.000. Pos. a +8:-     
F:4 T. 240 - 4. IV 1939 - 7.000.000. Pos. a +8:-     
G:1 Blueish green 10:-    
G:2 Lilac red 20:-    
G:3 Purple violet 20:-    
G:4 Olive green 20:-    
G:5 Blue 20:-    
G:6 Yellow 20:-    
G:7 Brown 20:-    

 

158 Ei - 174
Mi - 116
Zu - 120
SG - 116
YT - 140
Sc - 122
 
Day of Issue:
1936-03-20
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
1.601.249
SI DPM150g 1936-03-20 - 1940-02-29
IPM 1939-04-01 - 1940-12-06

6 S. Lilac carmine

1:- 0.15  

SI
MU
MI

    12:-
15:-
7:-
  Block of four 6x 15x  
B:1   Dark lilac carmine +0.25 -  
E:1 White dot in design +0.50 +0.25  
E:2 White dot in face +0.50 +0.25  
E:3 Colored dot in face +0.50 +0.25  
G:1 Lilac carmine 10:-    

 

203 Ei - 175
Mi - 157
Zu - 158
SG - 117
YT - 140A
Sc - 123
 
Day of Issue:
1940-04-12
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
34.947
SI IPM 1940-04-12 - 1940-12-06
SI rare

6 S. Blackish blue-green

18:- 15:-  

SI
MU
MI

    75:-
75:-
40:-
  Block of four 5x 8x  
B:1   Dark green +2:- +2:-  
E:1 White spot on shoulder +1:- +1:-  
E:2 White stroke between ES +1:- +1:-  
F:1 Printing Order No. T. 389 - 17. V 1939 - 400.000. Pos. a +15:-    
G:1 Dark green 20:-    

 

159 Ei - 176
Mi - 117
Zu - 121
SG - 118
YT - 141
Sc - 124
 
Day of Issue:
1936-04-21
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
34.396.537
SI DL 1936-04-21 - 1940-02-29
PC-Finland 1936-04-21 - 1940-12-06
PC-Sweden 1937-01-27 - 1940-12-06

10 S. Cyan

1:- 0.10  

SI
MU
MI

    1:-
1:-
1:-
  Block of four 6x 30x  
A:1 Double perforation at right +30:- +30:-  
B:1   Blue +0.15 -  
B:2 Greenish blue +0.20 -  
E:1 Damaged frame +0.50 +0.25  
E:2 White dot in face +0.50 +0.25  
E:3 White stroke from forehead to right frame +3:- +0.25  
E:4 White stroke from eye to ear +3:- +1.50  
E:5 White stroke from mouth to left frame +3:- +1.50  
E:6 White spots above head and EEST(I) +1:- +0.50  
E:7 Colored stroke from head to upper frame +1:- +1.50  
E:8 Colored dot in face +0.50 +0.25  
F: Printing order Nos:      
F:1 T. 240 - 15. IV 1937 - 10-000.000. Pos. a +8:-    
F:2 T. 240 - 15. IV 1937 - 11.200.000. Pos. f +8:-    
F:3 T. 368 - 14. V 1938 - 9.600.000. Pos. a +8:-     
F:4 T. 241 - 4. IV 1939 - 8.000.000. Pos. a +8:-     

172 Ei - 177
Mi - 125
Zu - 122
SG - 119
YT - 142
Sc - 125
 
Day of Issue:
1937-03-25
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
2.787.800
SI DL40g, R-DPC 1937-03-25 - 1940-02-29
L-Finland, Sweden 1937-03-25 - 1940-12-06
Air-PC Finland, Sweden 1937-03-25 - 1939-03-31
DL 1940-03-01 - 1940-12-06

15 S. Red

1.50 0.25  

SI
MU
MI

    75:-
75:-
40:-
  Block of four 6x 15x  
B:1   Dull red +0.25 -  
E:1 White spot in face +0.50 +0.25  
F: Printing Order Nos:      
F:1 T. 648 - 2. XI 1936 - 1.200.000. Pos. a +11:-    
F:2 T. 369 - 14. V 1938 - 800.000. Pos. a +12:-    
F:3 T. 242 - 4. IV 1939 - 800.000. Pos. a +12:-    
G:1 Red 5:-    
G:2 Ditto, vertical gutter pair 15:-    

 

204 Ei - 178
Mi - 158
Zu - 159
SG - 119a
YT - 142A
Sc - 126
 
Day of Issue:
1940-04-15
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
2.213.700
SI DL, L-Finland, Sweden 1940-04-15 - 1940-12-06
Grey paper scarce
MU on same rare

15 S. Deep blue

5:- 0.50  

SI
MU
MI

    12:-
25:-
8:-
  Block of four 6x 10x  
B:1   Blackish blue +0.50 +0.50  
C:1 Thick greyish paper +20:- +12:-  50:-
  Block of four 6x 8x  
E:1 Damaged frame +0.50 +0.50  
E:2 White spot in face +0.50 +0.50  
E:3 White dot in background +0.50 +0.50  
F: Printing Order Nos:      
F:1 T. 134 - 12.III 1940 - 5.600.000. Pos. c +8:-    
F:2 Ditto, greyish paper +15:-    
G:1 Deep blue 15:-    

 

191 Ei - 179
Mi - 146
Zu - 160
SG - 120
YT - 142B
Sc - 127
 
Day of Issue:
1939-04-17
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
296.950
SI IPC 1939-04-17 - 1940-12-06
S1 Scarce

18 S. Carmine

15:- 6:-  

SI
MU
MI

    50:-
--
30:-
  Block of four 5x 6x  
E:1 White dot in numeral +1:- +1:-  
F:1 Printing Order No: Nr. 94 - 6. II 1939 - 800.000. Pos. b +12:-    
G:1 Carmine 20:-    

 

160 Ei - 180
Mi - 118
Zu - 123
SG - 121
YT - 143
Sc - 128
 
Day of Issue:
1936-04-21
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
2.345.996
SI L60g Finland 1936-04-21 - 1937-01-27
R-DL, DL60g 1936-04-21 - 1940-02-29
L40g Finland 1937-01-08 - 1940-02-29
L40g Sweden 1937-01-27 - 1940-02-29

20 S. Lilac

2:- 0.10  

SI
MU
MI

    5:-
7:-
5:-
  Block of four 6x 20x  
B:1   Pale lilac +0.30 -  
E:1 White stroke in frame +1:- +0.50  
E:2 White stroke on neck tie +1:- +0.50  
E:3 Colored stroke in face +1:- +0.50  
F: Printing Order Nos:      
F:1 T. 437 - 27. V 1937 - 800.000. Pos. f +12:-    
F:2 T. 370 - 14. V 1938 - 400.000. Pos. a +15:-    
F:3 T. 243 - 4. IV 1939 - 800.000. Pos. a +12:-    
G:1 Lilac 5:-    

 

179 Ei - 181
Mi - 135
Zu - 139
SG - 122
YT - 143A
Sc - 129
 
Day of Issue:
1938-04-11
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
918.811
SI IL 1938-04-11 - 1939-03-31
DI-80g, R-DL40g 1938-04-11 - 1940-02-29
DI-40g, L-Finland, Sweden
DI-40g, R-PC-Finland, Sweden 1940-03-01 - 1940-12-06

25 S. Dark blue

6:- 0.25  

SI
MU
MI

    10:-
15:-
7:-
  Block of four 6x 20x  
B:1   Blackish blue +0.50 -  
E:1 Damaged frame +0.50 +0.25  
E:2 White stroke in face +1:- +0.50  
E:3 Colored spot +0.50 +0.50  
F:1 Printing Order No: T. 669 - 15. IX 1937 - 1.200.000. Pos. e +11:-    
G:1 Dark blue 10:-    

 

178 Ei - 182
Mi - 136
Zu - 140
SG - 123
YT - 143B
Sc - 130
 
Day of Issue:
1938-02-18
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
420.000
SI DL100g, L80g-Finland, Sweden,
R-L-Finland, Sweden 1938-02-18 - 1940-02-29
IL, R-DL, R-L-Finland, Sweden 1940-03-01 - 1940-12-06

30 S. Ochre

7:- 0.25  

SI
MU
MI

    20:-
25:-
10:-
  Block of four 6x 15x  
B:1   Brown-ochre +0.50 +0.10  
E:1 Colored dot in face +0.50 +0.25  
F:1 Printing Order No: T. 670 - 15. IX 1937 - 400.000. Pos. e +15:-    
G:1 Ochre 10:-    

 

197 Ei - 183
Mi - 147
Zu - 161
SG - 123a
YT - 143c
Sc - 131
 
Day of Issue:
1939-09-20
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
494.465
SI DL100g, L80g Finland, Sweden,
R-L-Finland, Sweden 1939-09-20 - 1940-02-29
IL, R-DL, R-L-Finland, Sweden 1940-03-01 - 1940-12-06

30 S. Ultramarine

12:- 2:-  

SI
MU
MI

    20:-
30:-
10:-
  Block of four 6x 15x  
B:1   Dark ultramarine +2:- +0.50  
E:1 White dot in background +0.50 +0.25  
E:2 White stroke in background, connected with face +3:- +3:-  
E:3 Colored dot in face +0.50 +0.25  
E:4 Damaged frame +0.50 +0.25  
F:1 Printing Order No: T. 390 - 17. V 1939 - 800.000. Pos. a +12:-    
G:1 Ultramarine 12:-    

 

161 Ei - 184
Mi - 119
Zu - 124
SG - 124
YT - 144
Sc - 132
 
Day of Issue:
1936-04-21
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
416.346
SI R-IL 1936-04-21 - 1940-12-06
R-L100g-Finland 1937-01-08 - 1940-02-29
R-1-100g-Sweden 1937-01-27 - 1940-02-29

50 S. Pale brown

6:- 0.75  

SI
MU
MI

    40:-
--
20:-
  Block of four 6x 15x  
B:1   Brown +2:- +0.25  
E:1 White dot in design +1:- +0.50  
E:2 White stroke in design +1:- +0.50  
E:3 Colored dot in design +0.50 +0.25  
F:1 Printing Order No: T. 244 - 4. IV 1939 - 200.000. Pos. a +15:-    
G:1 Brown 7.50    

 

167 Ei - 185
Mi - 126
Zu - 125
SG - 125
YT - 145
Sc - 133
 
Day of Issue:
1936-10-17
Perforation:
14 1/2 x 14
Issued:
234.775
SI Air-R-L to European countries 1938-06-17 - 1939-03-31
Air-R-L to Belgium, Holtand, Spain, Ireland, France, Portugal and England 1940-03-01 - 1940-12-06
SI Scarce

60 S. Lilac

10:- 1.50  

SI
MU
MI

    55:-
--
25:-
  Block of four 6x 8x  
B:1   Pale lilac red +1:- +0.25  
E:1 Colored spot on the ear +1:- +0.50  
E:2 Colored dot on neck tie +1:- +0.50  
E:3 Colored spot under left 60 +1:- +0.50  
F: Printing Order Nos:      
F:1 T. 263 - 29. IV 1936 - 200.000. Pos. a +15:-    
F:2 T. 245 - 4. IV 1939 - 800.000. Pos. a +12:-    
G:1 Lilac red 10:-    

Please note that all prices are estimates in USD, based on the average retail market of 1985, when the original catalogue/handbook was written. The prices are considerably higher today.