Tartu University 1632 - 1802 - 2002

03.05.2002 - special cancellation

Date of Issue : April 24, 2002
Designer : Jaan Saar
Denomination : 4 kr 40 s and 4 kr 40 s
Perforation : 14:13¾
Sheet Content : 20 Stamps (4 x 5)
Printing Process : Offset
Printing House : AS Vaba Maa
Quantity Issued (pairs): 151 640
Order Number : 249-03-2002
First Day Cover Number : 2002-9
Eesti Post : Tartu University (1632-1802-2002)

Tartu University marks several important dates in 2002 - it is the 370th anniversary of the foundation of the University in 1632, as well as the bicentenary of its reopening and of the foundation of the University library in 1802. In 1632, when Estonia was under the Swedish crown, King Gustaf II Adolf founded the University in Tartu. Known as Academia Gustaviana, it functioned in Tartu until 1656 and in Tallinn in 1656-65. From 1690 the University worked in Tartu and later in Pärnu under the name of Academia Gustavo-Carolina until the end of Swedish rule in 1710. In 1802 the University was reopened in Tartu; Kaiserliche Universität Dorpat became widely known internationally. Although Estonia was then part of Russia, tuition at the university was in German until the 1890s, later in Russian. Since 1919 until today, instruction at the university has been in Estonian. The anniversary stamps feature the Tartu University main building (1806-09, by J. W. Krause) on the background of the 1632 founding act, as well as the university library building (1982, by K. Valdre and M. Kalling) on the background of the Biblia Latina, a book printed in 1489 kept in the library. The label between the stamps features sceptres of the University rector from the Swedish period.

More Information:

  • Tartu University
  • Tartu University History Museum
  • Tartu University Library

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