Painter Johann Köler, 175th birth anniversary

27.02.2001 - Johann Köler 175

Designer : Lembit Lõhmus
Date : March 10, 2001
Location : Viljandi
Estonian Post : Johann Köler 175

Johann Köler (1826–1899), the son of peasant parents, graduated from the St Petersburg Academy of Arts in 1855 to become a founder of an Estonian national school of painting. In 1857 he travelled through a number of European countries and in 1958 went to Rome where he stayed several years, painting vivid landscapes, scenes of Italian life and portraits.

Elected Academician by the St Petersburg Academy of Arts in 1961, he settled in St Petersburg and worked as an art teacher, including in the Tsar's family as well as the Academy of Arts, and gradually won recognition as a painter of expressive portraits of prominent people.

Köler's artistic prime coincided with the peak of the Estonian national movement in the 1860s and he took advantage of his position in the Russian capital to promote the cause of his people. Some of his best pictures depict the life of Estonian peasants.

More Information:

  • Virtual sightseeing in Viljandi
  • The Birth of the National History of Art (Juta Kivimäe)

  • eelmine Special Cancellations 2001 järgmine