2 February 2000 marks the 80th anniversary of the signing of the peace treaty of Tartu
between the Republic of Estonia and Russia (then Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic).
By the document, singed after fourteen months of warfare between the two countries, Russia
recognised the independence of Estonia. By the Tartu Peace Treaty, Estonia gained its first
international recognition, followed, some time later, by Western powers' recognition. The
treaty set a firm legal basis to successful existence of the Estonian state as a member of
the European family of nations since the II World War and after the restoration of Estonian
independence in 1991.